The PRAXIS II Technology Education Exam (5051) is designed for individuals who would like to teach technology to middle and high school students. You will be given 2 hours to complete this 120 multiple choice question exam. The exam can be broken down into the following sections:
Technology and Society – 18 questions
Engineering or Technical Design and Problem Solving – 24 questions
Energy, Power, and Transportation – 18 questions
Information and Communication Technologies – 18 questions
Manufacturing and Construction Technologies – 18 questions
Pedagogical and Professional Studies – 24 questions
Technology and Society:
This section of the exam will cover topics like how technological development is influenced by knowledge from other fields of study, the influence that significant technological innovations have had on human history and on today’s world, critical changes in technology through the different periods of human history, and ways to decrease the negative environmental impact of technological systems and processes.
Engineering or Technical Design and Problem Solving:
This section of the exam will cover topics such as how to implement and document the steps of a design process, how to organize and communicate the solution to a design problem, how to operate and troubleshoot technological systems, and how to apply the design process to problems in manufacturing and construction.
Energy, Power, and Transportation:
This section of the exam will test your knowledge of topics like how to utilize various types of control systems, energy utilization systems, the inputs used in transportation systems, the different processes involved in transportation operations, and how energy is measured and controlled.
Information and Communication Technologies:
This section of the exam will cover topics such as major concepts and terminology related to information systems, the various types of network structures, how to arrange the elements of a communication message so that the message is effective and aesthetically pleasing, and the issues and trends in information and communications technologies.
Manufacturing and Construction Technologies:
This section of the exam will cover topics like the management functions used in construction and manufacturing, how to apply a systems model to manufacturing and construction processes, the key concepts associated with the efficiency of production, the primary processing methods of converting raw materials into industrial materials or standard stock, the systems and subsystems of
buildings and structures and the functions they perform, and the key concepts and terminology related to construction.
Pedagogical and Professional Studies:
This section will test your knowledge of topics like how to select appropriate instructional content and develop learning activities, the importance of designing and implementing instructional activities that emphasize problem solving, how to select and use a variety of assessment methods, how to create and maintain a safe and healthy learning environment, and the importance of promoting technology education internally and externally.
PRAXIS II Technology Education Practice Questions
1. Technology helps manufacturers:
A. avoid costly delays
B. build better products
C. integrate new solutions
D. expand the business
E. All of the above
2. The product lifecycle process includes:
B. design and manufacturing
C. testing and approval
D. marketing and sales
E. All of the above
3. Which structures are not planned, managed, and built by construction engineers?
A. Homes and apartment complexes
B. Highways and bridges
C. Airports and railroads
D. Dams and reservoirs
E. Office buildings
4. In what decade was the term mass media first used?
5. Which of the following is a form of print media?
A. Radio and television
B. Discs and tapes
C. White papers
E. The Internet
Answer Key For Technology Education
1. Answer: E
In the last twenty-five years, manufacturing processes have undergone tremendous change. It is no longer possible to remain competitive and cost efficient without using some form of technology. From the back office bookkeeper and inventory clerk to the production process on the plant floor, technology has created huge changes in the way business is conducted. From computerized accounting systems that include sophisticated inventory controls to complex machines that produce products for consumption in a myriad of industries, manufacturing has embraced technological tools.
Information about raw materials, production time, and the availability of the finished product must be accessible to everyone from purchasing and the machine operator to marketing and sales in order to avoid costly delays, missed sales, and ultimately, dissatisfied customers. Collaboration along the supply chain helps manufacturers build a better product, integrate new solutions, and expand the business while striving to exceed customers’ expectations. A tech-savvy workforce helps ensure accurate and timely information is easily accessible to those who need it, when and where they need it.
2. Answer: E
The product life cycle starts with the concept, moves to the design and manufacturing phases, passes through the testing and approval processes, enters the marketing and sales cycle, moves to the service requirements, and ends with appropriate disposal of the product. Along this path there are many people involved in a multitude of departments who each provide their particular talents and expertise to the journey. All parts of the process are interrelated and need to work together to ensure the success of the product and ultimately guarantee a satisfied customer.
PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM) is only one part of a manufacturer’s information technology (IT) structure. The other parts are the:
- CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT (CRM) team, which is responsible for communicating with and supplying information to the customer
- SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT (CRM) team, which has the same function as CRM, except its focus in on the various suppliers needed to produce the finished product
- ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP) team, which is responsible for ensuring that appropriate human and necessary financial resources are available to ensure the other areas can function
3. Answer: A
Construction engineering is the planning, managing, and building of highways, bridges, airports, railroads, buildings, dams, and reservoirs. To be successful, a construction engineer must have knowledge about and experience in engineering principles, management and business practices, budget and other financial requirements, and human behavior. The profession requires the ability to multitask at every phase. Regardless of structure, the project proceeds from concept to design to construction with many parts in each phase. Because of this, many people with specific talents are necessary to ensure the structure is built within the required timeframe, according to specifications, and without exceeding budget.
As projects have become more complex, it has become expedient to integrate technology into the process. This has been a difficult transition for many construction companies because middle managers and field personnel often believe each project is unique and, therefore, it is not feasible to “computerize” the process. Too often these well-meaning folks have been unable to see how technology can and does reduce errors, increase efficiency, and avoid problems.
4. Answer: B
The American Heritage College Dictionary defines mass media as “a means of public communication to a large audience.” The term was coined in the 1920s when radio networks and some newspapers and magazines become available nationwide and began to influence society at large rather than just the local population. In today’s world, news and entertainment can be spread in many formats, some of which are printed (books, newspapers, magazines) and some of which are electronic (radio, television, films, the Internet).
The Internet, podcasts, and blogs have had a profound effect on society. Information is abundant, readily available, and easily accessible. Individuals use it and companies rely on it. People are turning to the World Wide Web for news of the day, analyses of current events, health information, financial transactions, and security. With the advent of so many electronic formats, it is critical students are taught to dissect and discriminate the digital data and learn to scrutinize the sources from which it comes. They need to understand the benefits and the risks and how to evaluate information found on the Internet.
5. Answer: C
Print media includes anything that is published on paper such as books, newspapers, newsletters, white papers, magazines, and trade publications.
Electronic media includes:
- BROADCASTING over the airwaves on radio and television
- DISCS and TAPES used for recording music, videos, and games
- FILM used for entertainment and education (documentaries)
- THE INTERNET, with its blogs and podcasts
Mass media in its various formats can be used for many purposes. They include:
- ADVOCACY for business reasons and social issues. Advertising, marketing, propaganda, public relations, and political communications fall into this category.
- EDUCATION about issues that affect everyone; explanation of government laws and regulations
- ENRICHMENT through the theater, painting, sculpture, and architecture
- ENTERTAINMENT through television, radio, films, music, sports, reading, and video games
- JOURNALISM via newspapers, magazines, and the Internet
- PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS that explain, inform, and educate using radio, television, newspapers, and magazines.