This exam is designed for individuals who would like to become counselors in the public school system. You will be given two hours to complete this 120 multiple-choice question exam. 40 of the questions are based on recordings of client and counselor interactions. There will be approximately 18 questions regarding professional issues, 18 questions regarding coordinating services, 18 questions regarding consultation, and 66 questions regarding guidance and counseling. When responding to questions regarding the responses on the CD, you will be asked to identify appropriate counsel responses, client feelings, client problems, and identify other professional issues.
Your knowledge of resources for professional development, and the legal and ethical considerations of counseling will be assessed in this section of the exam.
Questions in this section of the exam will cover program evaluation, organization, management, information acquisition and dissemination.
Your knowledge of curriculum and school climate, human development, interpersonal relationships, and providing consultative services to families, staff, and community agencies will be assessed in this section of the exam.
Guidance and Counseling
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of classroom guidance, human development, group counseling, assessment, dyadic counseling, multiculturalism and diversity.
PRAXIS II School Counseling And Guidance Practice Questions
1. Developmental psychology studies the growth of:
A. motor and language skills
B. problem-solving abilities
C. conceptual and moral understanding
D. formation of a unique identity
E. All of the above
2. What happens when teachers ignore cultural differences?
A. Increases potential for behavior problems
B. Learning is enhanced
C. Communication improves
D. Students get along better
E. Increases understanding
3. What information should be provided to parents?
A. Expected behavior
B. Explanation of rules
C. Outline of material to be covered
D. Homework requirements
E. All of the above
4. Some community resources include:
A. Department of Children’s Services
B. Department of Health and Human Services
C. Corporate mentoring programs
D. Food banks
E. All of the above
5. Why is effective communication with the community important?
A. Schools exist in a vacuum.
B. Schools do not impact the community.
C. Schools are subject to the same social and economic influences.
D. Businesses are not affected.
E. Neighborhood involvement is not important.
Answer Key For School Counseling And Guidance
1. Answer: E
Human development, or developmental psychology, is the scientific study of the emotional and behavioral growth of human beings from birth to death. This branch of psychology studies the development of motor and language skills, problem-solving abilities, conceptual and moral understanding, and the formation of a unique identity. A major research focus is how children are different from adults. Are they qualitatively different, or do they merely lack experience because they haven’t lived as long? Another question explored: Do human beings accumulate knowledge or move from one way of thinking to another as they age? Are babies born with certain information imprinted in their brains, or do they learn how to figure things out as they learn life lessons-the nature versus nurture debate.
2. Answer: A
Study after study has shown that a student’s culture has a direct impact on learning. Since most educational standards are based on white, middle class cultural identification, students who don’t fall into that demographic face challenges. It’s not that these students are incapable of learning; they just judge what’s important and how they express that importance differently.
Sometimes it is difficult for them to understand and relate to curriculum content, teaching methods, and social skills required because their culture does things differently, emphasizes different choices, and rewards different behavior. Children identify with their culture; they become what they know. If teachers ignore cultural differences, it causes communication issues, inhibits learning, and increases the potential for behavior problems. As long as an adolescent has no physical or mental health issues, he is capable of learning. He just needs information presented and examples used that are relevant to his life experiences. That is the only way it makes sense to him.
3. Answer: E
Some communication methods may be more effective than others, depending upon the age of the students, the educational level and time limitations of the parents, the administration’s support, and other resources available. No matter what communication method is used, counselors should convey expected behavior, explain classroom rules, and present a general picture of material to be covered, project assignments, and homework requirements. Besides scheduled parent/teacher conferences, a periodic newsletter can be used to update parents, tell them how the year is going and outline future plans.
Some parents are eager to participate in their child’s education, some do so only when required, and others avoid involvement of any kind. All three approaches can be a challenge. Eager parents may bombard the teacher with notes, phone calls, and emails. Setting reasonable, well-defined limits may be necessary. Parents who only show up when specifically requested may be incapable of or don’t really care to address underlying issues; they show up because they have to. Parents who are never available and impossible to contact provide no help or insight and offer no support.
4. Answer: E
It is important for a guidance counselor to have a clear understanding of what private, public, and government resources are available in the community in which the district operates. He should have a good working relationship with key representatives of those resources that often play a vital role in the lives of students and their families. He needs to know how effective the programs and services are and each one’s unique strengths and weaknesses, as well as any holes, barriers, and issues that might impede their ability to help when called upon. He needs to know when to call, whom to call, what criteria is needed to qualify, and how quickly to expect a response.
Community resources include but are not limited to: Department of Children’s Services, Department of Health and Human Services, local law enforcement agencies, fire department, Department of Homeland Security, Centers for Disease Control, food banks, corporate mentoring programs, grassroots community organizations that offer counseling, emergency assistance, and various other programs and services.
5. Answer: C
The school district does not exist in a vacuum. It is a vital part of the community in which it operates and is subject to the same social and economic influences as its neighbors. Teachers, administrators, support staff, and students are all impacted by activities in the surrounding area. Schools are not isolated islands of learning; they are an integral part of the community. As such, they can have a critical role in shaping the attitudes of their neighbors and be a force in creating a positive atmosphere for everyone.
Studies have shown that when the school district is successful communicating its goals and is seen actively addressing its problems, there is greater support from business and community leaders, and parents are more involved, which is a win-win for all. But the most important result of good community relations is a better education for all students and more opportunities for them to succeed in the real world, which should be the ultimate goal of every educator.