PRAXIS II Health and Physical Education: Content Knowledge Exam (5857)

The PRAXIS II Health and Physical Education: Content Knowledge Exam (5857) is designed for potential instructors of health and physical education. You will be given two hours and ten minutes to complete this 130 question multiple-choice exam. There are five categories on the exam:

Health Education as a Discipline/Health Instruction – 26 Questions
Health Education Content – 32 Questions
Content Knowledge and Student Growth and Development – 22 Questions
Management, Motivation, and Communication/Collaboration, Reflection, and Technology – 29 Questions
Planning, Instruction, and Student Assessment – 21 Questions

Health Education as a Discipline/Health Instruction
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge on various topics including: Major health behavior theories (e.g., stages of change, behavioral change theory, transtheoretical model, and health belief model), concepts of character education, physical growth and development, and assessing learning needs for individuals and diverse groups.

Health Education Content
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge on health promotion and the prevention of injury and disease, healthy relationships, mental and
emotional health, and community health and advocacy.

Content Knowledge and Student Growth and Development
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of the terminology, principles, concepts, and applications of the basic sciences as related to motor skills and movement activities (e.g., anatomy and physiology, exercise physiology, biomechanics and kinesiology, motor development, and motor learning). This section also covers liability and legal considerations pertaining to the use of equipment, class organization, supervision, and program selection among other things.

Management, Motivation, and Communication/Collaboration, Reflection, and Technology
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of topics such as the motivation of students to participate in physical activities both in school and outside of school, effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills in a variety of physical activity settings, and the integration of knowledge and skills from multiple subject areas in physical education.

Planning, Instruction, and Student Assessment
This section of the test will cover various topics concerning personal health care. The safety and injury prevention section of the test will cover safety considerations for movement activities and, fitness related safety issues such as environmental conditions, realistic goal setting, dealing with accidents and illnesses, first aid and CPR, water safety certification, proper technique for warm-up and cool down activities, personal safety and safety risks, fitness assessments such as Fitnessgram, the President’s Challenge, and Physical Best. The drug usage and abuse section of the test will cover over-the-counter drugs, prescription drugs, illegal drugs, tobacco, alcohol, caffeine, the use and abuse of various drugs, the physical and psychological effects of drug abuse, treatment and recovery from drug abuse, and alternative coping skills. The consumer health section of the exam will cover health myths, individual responsibility for personal health, and importance of regular checkups, advertising, and quackery within the medical system. The nutrition section of the test will cover the relationship between diet and exercise, fad diets, caloric intake, metabolism, nutrition, the food pyramid, and dietary goals. The mental and emotional health section of the test will cover defense mechanisms, personality development, self-concept and self esteem.

PRAXIS II Health And Physical Education Content Knowledge Practice Questions

1. Many child abusers:

A. were abused themselves
B. have some form of mental illness
C. lack a support system
D. All of the above

2. Forms of child abuse include:

A. physical
B. sexual
C. psychological
D. All of the above

3. Which of the following is not a sign of child neglect?

A. Failure to provide a clean, safe home
B. Making sure the child attends school regularly
C. Lack of appropriate supervision
D. Withholding love and affection

4. Which of the following is not a sign of possible child abuse?

A. Clean clothes
B. Depression
C. Overly compliant
D. Eating disorders

5. Victims of domestic violence include:

A. men
B. women
C. young and old
D. All of the above

Answer Key For Health And Physical Education Content Knowledge

1. Answer: D

Child abuse is any act or failure to act that endangers a child’s physical or psychological health, development, or well being. Any parent, guardian, or caregiver who neglects a child, physically hurts, or sexually uses him is a child abuser. Most abuse happens by a primary caregiver in the home, but there are many documented incidents in schools, churches, and day care centers. One study indicated there is more neglect and abuse in single-parent homes than in two-parent homes; however, that data has not been verified in other studies. Abused children are at risk for developing a multitude of severe psychiatric disorders and life-long medical problems.

Many child abusers were abused themselves or suffer from some form of mental illness. In other cases, social factors like poverty, divorce, disease, disability, termination of employment, loss or lack of a support system, and poor or nonexistent parenting skills contribute to family stress and exacerbate an already unstable situation.

2. Answer: D

Even if the person did not intend to hurt a child, any injury that results from physical aggression is abuse. Using any type of force to modify behavior can easily spiral out of control, depending upon the situation, the child, and the size and emotional state of the person inflicting the punishment. Thousands of children are abused every year. Some die; others carry emotional wounds. Many end up inflicting abuse onto the next generation.

Sexual abuse is any sexual act between an adult and a child. It doesn’t matter how the child acts or reacts or what his physical or verbal response-it is never his fault. It is always the adult’s responsibility to avoid inappropriate sexual interaction with a child.

Psychological abuse is any attitude, behavior, or failure to act that interferes with or inhibits a child’s mental health or social development. It is usually present with physical or sexual abuse because the intimidation factor is important in these forms of abuse. Emotional abuse can cause severe psychiatric problems that are never completely erased, even with years of professional counseling.

3. Answer: B

Neglect is a pattern of failing to provide for a child’s basic physical, educational, and psychological needs. It is very common but often goes unrecognized and unreported because it is an act of omission and can be difficult to identify. The Child Welfare Information Gateway states that “more children suffer from neglect than from physical and sexual abuse combined.”

PHYSICAL NEGLECT is failure to provide adequate food, appropriate clothing, supervision, a clean, safe home, and regular medical and dental care.

EDUCATIONAL NEGLECT is failure to enroll a child in a school appropriate for his age and abilities (i.e., special education classes when indicated) and making sure he attends regularly. Ignoring or allowing excessive absences is a form of neglect.

PSYCHOLOGICAL NEGLECT is failure to provide love, affection, emotional support, and encouragement. Ignoring the emotional needs of a child impedes both physical and social development and can easily escalate into psychological child abuse.

4. Answer: A

There are signs that a child is being abused, as well as visible effects in a child’s attitude, behavior, and physical and mental health. Burns, bite marks, cuts, bruises, and welts are signs of physical abuse. Apathy, depression, hostility, and difficulty concentrating are signs of psychological abuse. Inappropriate interest in or knowledge of sex (or avoiding the subject altogether); being seductive, overly compliant, or aggressive; and fear of a particular person are signs of sexual abuse.

Extreme hunger; clothing that is inappropriate, dirty, or doesn’t fit; or being unkempt and unbathed, with an apparent lack of supervision, all point to neglect. Abused children usually don’t want to spend time at home. They have low self-esteem, are frequently depressed and anxious, show signs of alienation and withdrawal, have personality problems, eating disorders, and cognitive and relationship difficulties. They are aggressive, have problems in school, and are often delinquent, get pregnant, use alcohol and drugs, attempt suicide, engage in criminal acts, and exhibit antisocial behavior.

5. Answer: D

The U.S. Office on Violence Against Women defines domestic violence as a “pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner.” Family violence occurs at all socioeconomic levels, in all races, ethnicities, and religions. Victims are male and female, young and old; no one is immune from the possibility. The Centers for Disease Control estimates 32 million Americans are affected and considers it a “serious public health problem.” Domestic violence can be physical, psychological, sexual, emotional, financial, or social. It may occur occasionally or every day and cause mild, moderate, or severe physical and/or psychological injury. It can lead to death by homicide and suicide.

Until recently domestic violence was viewed as a private family matter. There is still reluctance by the medical profession to question patients about possible abuse, even when the signs are obvious. A woman endures an average of 35 incidents before seeking treatment. Men are even less likely to report abuse because of the social stigma and fear of looking weak and “unmanly.”