PRAXIS II Geography Exam (5921)

The PRAXIS II Geography Exam (5921) is for individuals who would like to teach geography at the secondary level. You will be given 2 hours to complete this 120 multiple choice question exam. There will be 24 questions about geography literacy and tools, 24 questions in regard to physical geography, 30 questions about human geography, 18 questions involving regional geography, and 24 questions about environment and society.

Regional Geography
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of the relationships between humans and the environment, spatial patterns of economic activity, culture and; the perceptual, formal and functional characteristics of a region.

Human Geography
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of economic development, cooperation and conflict among individuals in regions, distribution of resources, political aspects of boundaries, migration, settlement patterns, transition models, and demographics.

Physical Geography
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of how human actions modify the environment, the relationship between human and physical systems, climate patterns, weather systems, ecosystems in spatial distributions, erosion, geomorphic processes, plate tectonics, and, physical processes that shape the surface of the earth.

Geography Literacy and Tools
This section will assess your knowledge on subjects like map types and their uses, applying geographic concepts to current events, and using statistical information to answer geographic questions and infer geographic relationships.

Environment and Society
This section will asses your knowledge on subjects like ways humans overcome the limitations of the physical environment, the effects of chemicals on the environment, and how climate change affects human settlements and ecosystems.

PRAXIS II Geography Practice Questions

1. The study of geography includes:

A. human, animal, and plant populations
B. medicine, politics, and language
C. the biosphere
D. All of the above

2. World history and geography are linked by:

A. location and events
B. dates and facts
C. globalization
D. All of the above

3. Which of the following is not part of the study of economics?

A. Availability and prices
B. Number of people working
C. Semantics
D. Use of goods and services

4. Which of the following is not a true statement about science and technology?

A. They are not interconnected.
B. They are thinking activities.
C. They are positive and negative.
D. They are creative and destructive.

5. The stability of the environment is predicated on:

A. population size
B. variety of species
C. productivity of the ecosystem
D. All of the above

Answer Key For Geography

1. Answer: D

Geography is the study of earth and its human, animal, and plant populations and how they interact. It is considered the “mother of all sciences.” Human beings have always been curious about the world around them. Satisfying that curiosity by discovering and exploring new places, cultures, and ideas became the building blocks of geography. Studying this science led to the search for answers in other areas such as biology, anthropology, geology, mathematics, astronomy, and chemistry, to name a few. Studying geography can help us learn how to be better stewards of our earth and its resources.

Cultural geography is the study of how human culture interacts with the land. It is a broad field that includes language, religion, medicine, politics, population and demographics, urban and rural areas, transportation systems, economics, entertainment, and food choices.

Physical geography is the study of the surface of the earth. The earth sciences are concerned with the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, and the atmosphere. These three working together create the conditions needed to sustain the biosphere, which is composed of all living organisms, i.e., life science or biology

2. Answer: D

The U.S. Department of Education says, “Key concepts of geography, such as location, place, and region, are tied inseparably to major ideas of history such as time, period, and events. Geography and history in tandem enable learners to understand how events and places have affected each other across time.” This statement clearly explains the reasons history and geography should be studied together: one without the other merely offers isolated dates and individual facts but doesn’t allow students to understand how they are connected to one another and how each affected the other.

World history examines common patterns found in all cultures as well as the reasons differences have evolved over time. To truly understand how man and his various societal structures developed, it is necessary to study all areas that impact the evolution: political science, anthropology, sociology, economics, geography, and the arts. In this age of globalization, understanding how individual nations define these areas is important to addressing shared health and welfare issues, developing a stable world economy, and working to prevent misunderstandings between countries.

3. Answer: C

ECONOMICS is the social science that studies the production, allocation, and use of goods and services. Economists research issues and analyze data to determine the most effective ways to use scarce resources to meet the needs of the greatest number of people. Because the world of the twenty-first century is connected in many ways, every nation’s economy plays a role in the production, distribution, and consumption of the world’s known resources and commodities, so it is important to take a global view in order to truly understand how economics works.

MACROECONOMICS is the study of an entire national economy. It includes the value of goods and services produced, the total personal and business income earned, how many employable people are working at any one time, and how and why prices change.

MICROECONOMICS is the study of the components of the national economy, including individual companies, households, and consumers. It considers how everyone is a producer and consumer and analyzes how production and consumption determines availability and prices, which further aids in defining the market for a particular commodity.

4. Answer: A

Science and technology are thinking activities concerned with causal relationships and use empirical evidence to prove or disprove a theory. Both require studies and tests that can be replicated. The two disciplines are so intertwined it is difficult to discuss one without the other. They have affected daily life in both positive and negative ways, and each has developed creative and destructive processes.

Water is essential for life. Most organisms will die in less than a week without it. When human and industrial waste is indiscriminately dumped into rivers and streams, the resulting pollution is a problem for everyone.

Air provides oxygen, a life-sustaining element; it also protects people from the harmful effects of the sun. When technology releases toxins into the air, it can cause a variety of health issues.

Sound provides pleasure, is a communication tool, and helps some people do their jobs. When jet planes, jackhammers, and cars create a cacophony of sound, it becomes noise pollution, which can cause sleep problems, headaches, stress, and other physical ailments.

5. Answer: D

The stability of the environment is predicated on population size, the number and variety of species interacting within the community, and the productivity of the entire ecosystem. The ecosystem can remain fairly stable over long periods of time because of the natural processes at work. For example, the availability of food sources and appropriate shelter for all species, the number of predators and/or parasites in the community, and the occurrence of natural disasters such as fires, floods, and droughts. Ecosystems are complex and subject to cyclical fluctuations such as climate changes, the appearance of new species, and disappearance of old ones as a result of mutation, migration, or evolution.

Human activities have an enormous influence on the state and stability of the ecosystem and can alter its equilibrium for better or worse. As the guardians of the earth, it is our responsibility to ensure that we respect the other species, protect the various components of the community, and avoid damaging the delicate balance of the ecosystem through misuse of its natural resources.