PRAXIS II Elementary Education: Content Knowledge Exam (5018)

The PRAXIS II Elementary Education: Content Knowledge Exam (5018) is comprised of 140 multiple choice questions and you will have 2.5 hours to complete it. Usage of a four function or scientific calculator is permitted for this exam. This test was created for potential teachers of primary through upper middle school. There are 49 questions on Language Arts, 41 on Mathematics, 25 on Social Studies and, 25 on Science.

Language Arts
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of communication skills, language in writing, reading instruction, literacy acquisition, test organization and structure for reading and writing and, understanding literature.

This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of algebra, numeration, critical thinking processes, measurement, geometry, data organization and interpretation.

Social Studies
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of economics, sociology, anthropology, psychology, political science, American history, world history and, geography. The economic segment will cover major economic concepts, the government role in economics, impact of the economic market on populations and resources; and international economics. The sociology, anthropology and psychology segment of the exam will cover human growth, development and behavior; socialization, ethnic groups, cultural changes, and kinship patterns. The political science segment of the exam will cover state and local government, rights and responsibilities’ of citizens, forms of government, the purpose of government, and the United States Constitution. The American history segment of the exam will cover developments and transformations of the 20th-century; the American Revolution and founding of our nation, growth and expansion of the republic, and European exploration and colonization. The world history segment of the exam will cover early civilizations, cross-cultural comparisons, along with the rise and expansion of Europe.

This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of unifying processes, the history of nature science, science and personal and social perspectives, sciences inquiry, physical science, life science, and earth science. The unifying processes segment of the exam will cover structure and function models, systems, order systems organization, along with cycles and equilibrium. The history and nature of science segment of the exam will cover science as a career, science as a process, and historical perspectives of science. The science, personal and social perspectives segment of the exam will cover personal health, science, technology and society. The science as inquiry segment of the exam will cover planning and conducting simple investigations, the collection and organization of scientific data, using data to draw reasonable conclusions, and appropriate questioning techniques. The physical science segment of the exam will cover the structure and property of matter, and the inter-action of energy and matter. The life science segment of the exam will cover biological evolution, reproduction and heredity, and the structure and function of living systems. The earth science segment of the exam will cover the universe, the history of the earth and, structure of the earth.

PRAXIS II Elementary Education Content Knowledge Practice Questions

1. Methods for engaging students in the learning process include:

A. offering interesting material.
B. using topics students care about.
C. presenting information in a way that makes sense to the students.
D. All of the above

2. Which of the following is not considered part of linguistics?

A. Spelling
B. Semantics
C. Derivation
D. Syntax

3. Which of the following is not a component of geometry?

A. Points
B. Gases
C. Angles
D. Solids

4. Which of the following is not one of the three disciplines of the life sciences?

A. Botany
B. Zoology
C. Evolution
D. Microbiology

5. Social studies includes the study of:

A. history
B. sociology
C. cultural influences
D. All of the above

Answer Key For Elementary Education Content Knowledge

1. Answer: D

A great way to engage students in the learning process is to offer them material that is interesting to them, on topics they care about, and helps them understand their world better. In other words, the information presented needs be meaningful and make sense to them. It is imperative teachers make connections between data learned and skills acquired in one class and how to apply that knowledge in other disciplines.

Connected data can be used to understand new facts, integrate new information, and apply lessons learned in one area to problems posed in another. The ability to see relationships between seemingly unrelated topics and events requires critical thinking and advanced reasoning skills. As students share ideas and ask questions during discussions, alternate perspectives are presented, considered, and integrated. When students explore the relationship between activities and attitudes in school, at home, and in the neighborhood, they gradually begin to understand that individual actions have far-reaching consequences beyond the immediate environment. Making that critical connection is a major milestone in the maturation process.

2. Answer: A

Linguistic knowledge is defined as understanding the system of how a language works, what the words mean, and how to use the words properly. The system is composed of several parts. The definitions cited are from The American Heritage College Dictionary.

PHONOLOGY: the sounds of the words and their proper pronunciation
SEMANTICS: the meaning of the signs and symbols used to form the words
MORPHOLOGY: the structure and form of the words including inflection (changing pitch or tone of voice), derivation (adding prefixes and suffixes to change the meaning), and compounds (combining two or more words to form a different word)
WORD MEANING: the idea or thought conveyed
SYNTAX (grammatical structure): the rules governing the formation of sentences
In order for students to learn, integrate, and use the language system correctly, they must be given opportunities to read in many genres and from a variety of source material.

3. Answer: B

The American Heritage College Dictionary defines geometry as investigation of “properties, measurements, and relationships of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids.” Geometry developed from a practical need to determine land boundaries (survey), figure the size (area) of a field, measure the volume of a silo (cylinder), and where three-dimensional objects are placed and how they fit into a defined space.

Man’s fascination with the stars and the heavens became the science of astronomy, which led to the development of trigonometry and its unique computational methods. Studying geometry helps students hone their spatial visualization skills, which helps them function better in the physical world. Points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids are all used in painting, sculpture, and architecture. The artist must understand the relationship of these components in order to create in any medium. Various engineering disciplines use geometry to build bridges and dams, design freeway systems, mine for minerals, and drill for oil. Geometry is used every day by many professions. Citing real life examples makes the subject relevant to students’ lives outside the classroom.

4. Answer: C

Life science, or biology, is the study of living organisms, their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution. The word biology is Greek. “Bio” means life; “logos” means speech. Biology literally means, “to talk about life.” It became a separate science in the late nineteenth century when researchers discovered that all organisms shared basic traits.

Biology studies how living things began, divides them into species, describes what they do and how they relate to each other and the rest of the natural world. There are four unifying principles in biology: cell theory, evolution, genetics, and homeostasis.

The disciplines in the life sciences are grouped by the organisms they study. Botany studies plants, zoology studies animals, and microbiology studies microorganisms. These groups are further divided into smaller, specialized categories based on the level at which they are studied and the methods used to study them. For example, biochemistry studies the chemistry of life, while ecology studies how organisms interrelate in the natural world. Applied fields of the life sciences such as medicine and genetic research, combine multiple specialized categories.

5. Answer: D

The field of Social Studies is composed of history and the social sciences (government, citizenship, sociology, economics, cultural influences, and the effects of technology). Imparting the values and mores of society to impressionable adolescents and teaching them how to be involved, engaged, active members of the world is a huge responsibility. It is critical teachers use real problems appropriate to the students’ age and prod them to use their creativity and unique vision of events to dissect problems and devise solutions.

Part of the process is to challenge students’ thinking and viewpoints by offering stimulating subjects from which to select their reading, writing, discussion, and debate topics. The projects need to combine independent study with group responsibilities because this is the way the real world works: people bring their unique perspective to the group and the group reaches a consensus on the best way to tackle a problem. Social studies is a class that can and should be realistic preparation for participation as an adult member of society.