The PRAXIS II Educational Leadership: Administration & Supervision (ELAS) Exam (5411) is comprised of 120 multiple-choice questions and you will have two hours to complete it. This exam is intended for individuals with a master’s degree that are interested in obtaining administrative or supervisory positions in the educational setting. The following topics will be covered: group and individual leadership skills, school management, program evaluation, staff development, structural improvement in curriculum design, and determining educational needs of students. The test questions will measure your ability to generalize, determine priorities, integrate knowledge of theory to produce different results, and utilize logic to evaluate the success of an educational process or product.
There are six categories of the test:
Vision and Goals – 21 Questions
Teaching and Learning – 28 Questions
Managing Organizational Systems and Safety – 15 Questions
Collaborating with Key Stakeholders – 14 Questions
Ethics and Integrity – 18 Questions
The Education System – 14 Questions
PRAXIS II Educational Leadership: Administration And Supervision Practice Questions
1. Which of the following is detrimental to effective educational practices?
A. Periodic reviews
B. Adjusted to meet current needs
C. Ignoring diversity
D. Awareness of recent research.
E. Fair to all students
2. What should educators know about various community resources?
A. Strengths and weaknesses
B. When to call
C. Whom to call
D. Criteria to qualify
E. All of the above
3. Why is effective communication with the community important?
A. Greater support from business leaders.
B. More parental involvement
C. Better education
D. More opportunities to succeed
E. All of the above
4. Which of the following is not important to curriculum development?
A. Student input
B. Logical, progressive format
C. Present practical applications
D. Meet state requirements
E. Respect the diversity of the student population
5. Which of the following should not be part of the decision-making process?
A. Define the problem.
B. Gather the facts.
C. Consider the pros and cons.
D. Ignore the people who will be affected.
E. Follow up to determine effectiveness.
Answer Key For Educational Leadership: Administration And Supervision
1. Answer: C
Educational psychology is the study of how knowledge is obtained, how it is imparted, and the effects of social interactions in an instructional environment. Recognizing diversity exists and designing curricula and programs that address issues that arise because of that diversity should be a major goal of every educator. Policies and practices must be based on the principle that no matter what the child’s preschool experiences, every student has inherent strengths that can and should be used to help him succeed. When the curriculum reflects student diversity, all children benefit.
Educational practices must be reviewed periodically and adjusted to meet the needs of the population served. Since course selection involves making decisions that affect the rest of the students’ lives, administrators need to ask: Is the system fair to all students? Does it foster segregation based on gender, race, or socioeconomic status? Does it encourage respect for racial and cultural diversity? Does it make use of the tools provided by recent research about the many ways students can learn?
2. Answer: E
It is important for educators to have a clear understanding of what private, public, and government resources are available in the community in which the district operates. They should have a good working relationship with key representatives of those resources that often can play a vital role in the lives of students and their families. Educators need to know how effective the programs and services are and each one’s unique strengths and weaknesses, as well as any holes, barriers, and issues that might impede their ability to help when called upon. They need to know when to call, whom to call, what criteria is needed to qualify, and how quickly to expect a response.
Community resources include, but are not limited to: Department of Children’s Services, Department of Health and Human Services, local law enforcement agencies, the local fire department, Department of Homeland Security, Centers for Disease Control, food banks, corporate mentoring programs, grass-roots community organizations that offer counseling, emergency assistance, and various other programs and services.
3. Answer: E
The school district does not exist in a vacuum. It is a vital part of the community in which it operates and is subject to the same social and economic influences as its neighbors. Teachers, administrators, support staff, and students are all impacted by activities in the surrounding area Schools are not isolated islands of learning; they are an integral part of the community. As such, they can have a critical role in shaping the attitudes of its neighbors and be a force in creating a positive atmosphere for everyone.
Studies show that when the school district is successful communicating its goals and is seen actively addressing its problems, there is greater support from business and community leaders, and parents are more involved-a win-win for all. But the most important result of good community relations is a better education for all students and more opportunities for them to succeed in the real world, which should be the ultimate goal of every superintendent.
4. Answer: A
The American Heritage College Dictionary defines curriculum as “all the courses of study offered by an educational institution.” In primary and secondary schools, it is the blueprint for teaching the fundamentals necessary to gain useful knowledge that prepares students to successfully function in the world. The curriculum outlines what is to be taught, in what order, and how and when students’ comprehension of the subject is to be assessed. Core subjects are mandated by the State Board of Education, which also requires a certain level of proficiency in each before the student can be promoted to the next level.
The curriculum is information that needs to be presented in a logical, progressive format. Students must be able to understand, integrate, and apply knowledge gained into practical applications in their everyday lives. A curriculum must meet state requirements, prepare students for mandatory statewide tests, and address the social and psychological needs of its students. Furthermore, it must recognize and respect the diversity of its population. A curriculum is a complex program to plan, implement, and assess.
5. Answer: D
To be an effective leader, one must be able to make decisions and solve problems; the two characteristics are closely related. Both require creativity, the ability to identify issues and options, and effectively implement solutions. A leader must choose issues carefully, set attainable objectives, develop workable solutions, and enlist the support of those involved in and affected by the change. Whatever decision-making process is used, an effective leader always considers the reason for the change, how people will be affected, and the probable consequences of the action.
A sound, logical, well-defined decision-making process leads to effective problem solving. Here are suggested steps to finding a sensible solution to most any problem:
Define the problem.
Gather relevant facts.
Develop solutions, and consider the pros and cons of each.
Select the most viable solution(s).
Explain the choice(s) to those affected.
Follow up to determine effectiveness.
Make adjustments, if necessary.